Baju Kurung is a Malay traditional cloth which means “enclosed dress”. This is national dress of Brunei Malaysia. This dress id also found in culturally and ethnically different countries e.g. Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand.
Early Baju Kurung were too longer and loser to suit Malay women. Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor was the founder of Baju Kurung in 19th century. It has been reported that Baju Kurung is not only survived bur also prospered in Malaysia. It was popularized during the era of Islamization or Malaysia in 1970s and 1980s. This dress was most popular among Muslim ladies.
Although it is the dress of both male and female in Malaysia, the female dress is called as Baju Kurung and male dress is known as Baju Melayu.
It is known for its two types of features Baju Kurung teluk belanga and Baju Kurung cekak musang.
Baju Kurung Teluk Belanga
It is also known as Baju Kurung or Baju Kurung of Johor. It is the dress of both male and female. Male dress has long level buttocks, neck width and three pockets in the left chest, right chest and at the bottom font of shirt whereas; the dress worn by the female has its long to the knee with or without pocket in the chest.
Men’s trousers are with either pants or Acheh panjut trousers while, women’s trousers are either with batik cloth or silk longket. This cloth is bind with waves heave that is located on the left or right side.
Baju Kurung Cekak Musang
Baju Kurung Cekak Musang is same as baju kurung Teluk Belanga except at the neck. It has short neck collar musang there. On the front collar there is long opening and have buttons. Usually there is one button on the collar and more than one buttons on its opening. Gold plated or original gold is used as a button. Baju Kurung Cekak Musang for women may be worn with pants or cloth gloves. There are different features of pant for female i.e. cloth trousers, long pants and wear pants.
The major distinction between this two fashion styles is the cutting of neck. Former has no color while the later has a color with five buttons.
Baju Kurung is further divided into two types depending upon their designing which are as follows;
Baju Kurung Kedah
It is originated from southern Thailand, where now ladies wear betel neck shirt when working at home casually. These cloths are usually made up of cotton cloth.
Baju Kurung Moden
It is the latest version of women cloths in Malaysia. It cut is different from traditional Baju Kurung deduction. Accessories such as buttons and paiping are usually drawn on the user. This type of dress is suitable for women of high and has a body that attractive.
It is not only the dress of Muslim ladies but non-Muslim females also used to wear it including Indian and Chinese ladies. However, in Ramadan its sale is on the peak due to cultural significance.